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The Grim Facts About Global Nuclear Stockpiles

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The editors at Grad School Hub decided to research the topic of:

The Grim Facts About Global Nuclear Stockpiles

A look at the absurdly strong contructions of the atomic age.

"The only use for an atomic bomb is to keep someone else from using one." George Wald

The Basics

Both Atom and Hydrogen Bombs are Nuclear weapons.

Atomic bombs


- Nuetron +
- Nucleus of uranium-235 or plutonium-239=
- Destabalizes atoms=
- Gamma Rays and thermal energy

Hydrogen bombs


- Extreme heat from atomic bomb explosion
- Deuterium and tritium=
- Fused hydrogen isotopes
- =Light, heat, concussive blast, explosion, soot cloud
- =Blindness from a distance
- =Supersonic shockwave knocking down buildings for several miles from the blast.

Gravity bombs


- Such as "Fat Man" that was dropped over Nagasaki in 1945[1]

Throw weight missle delivery system


- Such as the Soviet "SS-18-Satan" [2]
- =highest "throw weight"
- =10 warheads and 40 penetration aids reentering atmosphere

Major players

United States


- 7,700 current warheads[3]
- Longest range:6,800 miles. [5]
- Or, From Maine to Moscow.
- Largest weapon yield: Castle Bravo (15 mega tons)
- Or, could demolish all of New York.

Russia: 8,500 current warheads.


- Longest range: 9941 miles[6]
- Or, from Moscow to Anywhere in America (to cali over atlantic ocean is roughly 6000 miles.)
- Largest weapon yield: Tsar Bomba (50 mega tons).
- Or, If dropped on Philidelphia it would also flatten Wilmington, DE, and Trenton, NJ[7]
- United Kingdom: 225 current warheads.
- France: 300 current warheads.
- China:250 current warheads.
- India: 100 current warheads.
- Pakistan: 110 current warheads.
- North Korea: <10 current warheads.
- Isreal: 80 current warheads.

With numbers much higher during the Cold War.


- 1964;US;6,800;7,500
- 1964;Sov.;500;1,000
- 1966;US;5,000;5,600
- 1966;Sov.;550;1,200
- 1968;US;4,500;5,100
- 1968;Sov.;850;2,300
- 1970;US;3,900;4,300
- 1970;Sov.;1,800;3,100
- 1972;US;5,800;4,100
- 1972;Sov.;2,100;4,000
- 1974;US;8,400;3,800
- 1974;Sov.;2,400;4,200
- 1976;US;9,400;3,700
- 1976;Sov.;3,200;4,500
- 1978;US;9,800;3,800
- 1978;Sov.;5,200;5,400
- 1980;US;10,000;4,000
- 1980;Sov.;7,200;6,200
- 1982;US;11,000;4,100
- 1982;Sov.;10,000;8,200

There are only 1/3 of the nuclear weapons there once were. But they're now exponentially stronger.

The advancing science of destruction

1 kiloton= 1000 tons of TNT

"Little Boy" in Moscow (15 kilotons) (Bomb from 1946)


- .04 miles squared fireball/590 ft. radii
- .59 miles squared extreme concussive wave/2,280 ft. radii
- 2.18 miles squared extreme radiation/.83 mile radii
- 3.57 miles squared moderate concussive wave/1.07 radii
- 5.65 moderate thermal radiation fallout/1.34 mile radii
- Estimated 24-hour casualties: 87,460

"Fat Man" in New Delhi, India (20 kilotons)(bomb from 1946)


- .05 miles squared fireball/660 ft. radii
- .71 miles squared extreme concussive wave/2,510 ft. radii
- 2.4 miles squared extreme radiation/.87 mile radii
- 4.33 squared miles moderate concussive wave/1.17 mile radii
- 7.28 miles squared moderate thermal radiation fallout./1.52 mile radii
- Estimated 24-hour casualties: 263,780

1 megaton = 1000 kilotons =100,000 tons of TNT

B-83 (largest bomb currently in US arsenal) in Tehran, Iran (1.2 megatons)


- 1.31 miles squared fireball
- 7.94 miles squared extreme radiation
- 10.9 miles squared extreme concussive blast
- 66.3 miles squared moderate concussive blast
- 258 miles squared moderate thermal radiation fallout
- Estimated 24-hour casualties: 3.24 million

Dong Feng (Current China ICBM) in Washington D.C. (5 megatons)


- 4.1 miles squared fireball/1.14 radii
- 11.3 square miles of extreme radiation/1.89 radii
- 28.2 square miles extreme concussive blast./3 radii
- 172 square miles moderate concussive blast/7.39 radii
- 874 square miles moderate thermal radiation fallout/16.7 radii
- Estimated 24-hour casualties: 1.28 million

"Ivy Mike" (first U.S. Hydrogen Bomb)in Beijing, China (10.4 megatons)(1952 bomb)


- 7.37 miles squared fireball/1.53 radii
- 14 miles squared extreme radiation/2.11 radii
- 46 miles squared extreme concussive blast/3.83 radii
- 280 miles squared moderate concussive blast/9.44 radii
- 1,620 miles squared moderate thermal radiation fallout/22.7 radii
- Estimated 24-hour casualties: 5.27 million

Tsar Bomba (largest nuclear weapon ever detonated) in NY(50 megatons)(1961 bomb)


- 25.9 miles squared fireball/2.87 mile radii
- 31 miles squared death by radiation/3.14 mile radii
- 131 miles squared extreme concussive wave/6.46 mile radii
- 797 miles squared moderate concussive wave./15.9 mile radii
- 5,920 miles squared moderate thermal radiation fallout/43.4 mile radii
- Estimated instant casualties: 8.7 million

A one megaton bomb dropped on a several million person city would leave up to 50 times more victims of severe burns than there are hospital beds in America.[9]

The stakes are too high for someone to hit the shiny red button. Support Nuclear Disarmmament.

SOURCES


- [1]http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SS-18_Satan
- [3]http://bos.sagepub.com/content/69/2/77.full.pdf+html
- [4]http://www.distance.to/Hawaii/Moscow
- [5]http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Midgetman_missile
- [6]http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R-36_(missile)
- [7]http://www.carloslabs.com/node/16
- [8]http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Russia/TsarBomba.html
- [9]http://www.3ammagazine.com/magazine/issue_4/articles/nuclear_bomb_effects.html
- [10]http://nuclearsecrecy.com/nukemap3d/
- [11]http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_arms_race
- http://www.armscontrol.org/factsheets/negsec
- http://van.physics.illinois.edu/qa/listing.php?id=19504
- http://gizmodo.com/5899569/how-many-nukes-would-it-take-to-blow-up-the-entire-planet
- http://www.fas.org/programs/ssp/nukes/nuclearweapons/nukestatus.html
- www.3ammagazine.com/magazine/issue_4/articles/nuclear_bomb_effects.html
- http://blog.nuclearsecrecy.com/2013/06/21/castle-bravo-revisited/


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