What Types of Jobs are Available With a Master’s in Biology?

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Updated April 15, 2021

There are many types of jobs available with a Master's in Biology. A four-year degree in the natural sciences or biology can qualify you for some jobs in the field, but a number of more specialized and better-paying positions require advanced credentials. While the list of biology careers is extensive, let's take a look at some of the more popular jobs requiring a master's degree in biology, according to the American Physiological Society.

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An arborist is a scientist specializing in trees. Municipalities or private companies hire for these positions to actually care for the trees on their properties by planting, pruning, watering and fertilizing them. Arborists are also hired to consult companies regarding the types of trees to plant or to handle the specific layout of plantings. Utility companies consult arborists to learn what kinds of trees can be planted near utility lines, as well as the location to plant them.

Cellular Biologist

Teaching positions in this specialization cover such topics as food or medical microbiology, molecular genetics and immunology. Vaccine supply firms, dairy suppliers, pharmaceutical company labs and cosmetic companies also employ cellular biologists.

Forensic Scientist

Forensic scientists usually work to determine the causes of death, how a death occurred and the identification of bodies. They can work for governmental or police agencies to help provide leads on murder suspects based on autopsy evidence. Wildlife agencies also hire forensic scientists to assist in poaching cases. Forensic anthropologists identify bodies for archaeological purposes or even in cases of disasters like plan crashes.


Unlike clinical geneticists, who need a medical degree to identify and prevent genetic diseases, laboratory geneticists typically require only a Master's in Biology. These professionals use technological advances in genetics to assist with police investigations, develop new drugs and improve agriculture, among other things. Genetic counselors work in the medical field to advise people of their risks for genetic defects in pregnancy or those who are currently dealing with a genetic issue.

Related Resource: Ph.D in Education

The field of biological sciences is vast and encompasses a wide number of career fields. Students are often unaware of just how many possibilities lie within the academic discipline, nor how specialized such jobs can be. Depending on your interests, you can apply biological concepts to some very detailed fields. These are just a few of the types of jobs available with a Master's in Biology to give you a general idea of what's out there.

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